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JOBS FC Model


What is JOBS FC?
Dec 11, 2012

Developed for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Fuel Cell Technologies by Argonne National Laboratory and RCF Economic and Financial Consulting, Inc., JOBS and economic impacts of Fuel Cells (JOBS FC) is a spreadsheet model that estimates economic impacts from the manufacture and use of select types of fuel cells.



How does it work?
Dec 11, 2012

JOBS FC uses input-output methodology to estimate changes in industry expenditures, and calculates the ripple effects of those changes throughout the economy. As shown in the following illustration, as fuel cell production proceeds down the supply chain (clockwise, from the extraction and supply of raw and finished materials, to the manufacture and assembly of components, to the distribution and integration of finished products), fuel cell-related expenditures flow up the chain (counterclockwise) to the respective economic sectors. Fuel cell-related expenditures include the purchase of the fuel cell itself, its fueling infrastructure and the fuel or energy it consumes, as well as expenses associated with installing and operating the fuel cell and its fueling infrastructure. As these dollars flow through the economy they provide jobs and income to individuals and establishments directly involved in the provision of fuel cells (direct jobs), to individuals and establishments further up the supply chain (indirect jobs), and to an array of service and support industries whose growth is induced by the re-spending of those dollars in the economy (induced jobs).

JOBS FC Cycle


How is it used?
Dec 11, 2012
Scenario Selection

Users can define a variety of scenarios with JOBS FC. They can specify cost and operating parameters or use the defaults provided in the tool. To get started, users must enter a handful of required inputs at the top of the INPUTS spreadsheet which is associated with their desired fuel cell application – forklifts , backup power or prime power may be modeled in JOBS FC 1 To select a scenario, users must choose:

  • A geography (any one of the 50 states, the nine census regions, or the US as a whole)
  • A fuel cell technology (polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells for forklifts or backup power, and either phosphoric acid (PAFC) or molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) for prime power)
  • An annual number of fuel cells to be produced, imported and exported for the selected geography in the years 2015-2020.

Gross versus net analysis

Users electing to run a national analysis also must choose whether to calculate gross impacts or both gross and net impacts. Gross impacts are the jobs, earnings and economic output attributable to fuel cell production and use. Net impacts are the result of subtracting from the gross totals the jobs, earnings and output that are displaced by fuel cells. Employment results are reported as job years (i.e., one year of work for one person). The difference between gross and net employment results is shown in the following illustration.

JOBS FC Cycle


System requirements
Dec 11, 2012

JOBS FC must be run in Microsoft Excel 2010 ® for full functionality. The model is available as an open-source software package copyright by UChicago Argonne, LLC. Prior to downloading the model, users must register.

Download JOBS FC Model
User Guide



JOBS FC 1.1
Dec 11, 2012

Released in December 2012, version 1.1 of the model contains the following updates /changes:

  • Revisions to the prime power module to reflect more detailed expenditure breakdowns developed by Oak Ridge National Laboratory.
  • Addition of a new module to estimate economic impacts associated with building a new prime power manufacturing facility.
  • Revisions to the fuel cell manufacturing cost forecasting function.
  • Updates to default values.


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